Ceramic vessels from Szakmár–Kisülés (after Bánffy 2012, fig. 6)

Szakmár-Kisülés is the northernmost site of the Körös culture that has been identified in the Danube–Tisza interfluve so far. The site was excavated by Ida Bognár-Kutzián in 1975-1978 (Kutzián 1977, Bánffy 2012). Fieldwork revealed five layers of EN occupation with pits, concentrations of burned daub, shell deposits, two human graves, fireplaces and possible house floors. The ceramic assemblage contains numerous cooking and storage vessels with spherical shapes. The site plays a central role in discussions on the neolithisation of the Carpathian basin. The apparent absence of settlements of the Körös culture north of the Kalocsa Sárköz area in the Danube-Tisza interfluve suggests that farming must have been introduced to the hunter-gatherer populations on the northern fringes of the Carpathian Basin along a different route (Bánffy 2012).