Ecsegfalva 23

Ecsegfalva 23 is a small site lying beside an old meander of the Hortobágy-Berettyó river. The site stretches c. 140 m along the former riverbed. It was a permanent settlement of the Körös culture that suffered periodic flooding. Fieldwork took place in 1999-2001 under the direction of A. Whittle (Whittle 2007). Radiocarbon dates suggest that the site was occupied for a period of 70-80 years between 5750 and 5650 cal. BC. Excavations uncovered pits, concenrations of shells, human graves, postholes and large quantities of burned daub, but no complete house plans. The occupation deposits were rich in finds, including a variety of pottery vessels and stone quern fragments. Study of the plant remains from Ecsegfalva identified crop remains (predominantly glume wheats and barley, as well as one millet grain and one grain of lentil) and wild plants (small-seeded legumes, hazelnut, elder, water chestnut) (Bogaard et al. 2007).The faunal analysis revealed a wide spectrum of terrestrial and aquatic species. The principal domestic animals were sheep, cattle bones were few (Bartosiewicz 2007). Organic residue analyses on ceramic material from Ecsegfalva 23 have identified the use of dairy products (Craig et al. 2005).