The spread of farming into new ecological zones in Europe must have been accompanied by adaptations in nutrition and diet. An objective of this project is to track the changes of diet and food technology in the process of farming expansion in Sutheastern Europe through interdisciplinary archaeological, biochemical and microbotanical studies in three key regions: Thrace in the southern Balkans (Karanovo I period), Šumadija in the central Balkans (early Starčevo period) and Alföld in the eastern Carpathian Basin (Starčevo/Körös period).
The three regions were chosen to represent distinct ecosystems and different histories of transition to farming. Ten target sites will provide samples for biomolecular, microfossil and stable isotope studies. The target sites were selected according to criteria of scholarly importance and previous research: large open-area excavations, well-preserved house remains and associated contexts (areas of rubbish disposal, etc.), rich assemblages of finds, evaluation and publication (or completed post-excavation analysis) of features and artefacts, availability of 14C dating and of studies of bioarchaeological archives (plant macrorests, faunal assemblages, stable isotopes of human skeletons).